The Hebrew word for amethyst, ahlamah, literally means “dream stone,” and it was thought that it induced pleasant dreams. (John 10:30) He whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God. The Elder Pliny (AD 23-69) gives a description of sappir (translated by most as sapphire) as being "refulgent with spots like gold. The primitive rocks are the  fixed truths of nature; running water is the truth which shows what is good, right, and useful, under any given circumstances. Or if there be individual truths that we have to stop to explain away, and especially if they arrest the whole attention and refuse to be explained away, our road is obstructed, perhaps altogether closed, by misplaced stones. Rocks and Stones Bible Lesson Devotional. Jacinth (Hyacinth), Rev 21:20  Ligure is the name of a stone in the third row on the breastplate, but some have claimed that this stone was the same as the jacinth. His breastplate was adorned with twelve stones and is described in the Bible as the breastplate of judgment or decision. It is a combination of sard (carnelian) and onux (onyx). The coral referred to in the Bible is the precious coral (corallium rubrum), the formation of which is well known. These, borne by the running water into seas or inland lakes, are deposited, the larger bits early in beds of gravel or sand, the smaller, because they unite more intimately with the water, more remotely in beds of clay; and these beds, if undisturbed, are hardened by Nature’s slow, gigantic kiln—the sand into sandstone, the clay into slate.In the domain of mind we trace the corresponding process. Agate was believed to void the toxicity of all poisons and counteract the infection of contagious diseases; if held in the hand or in the mouth it was believed to alleviate fever. The Greek name alludes to the popular belief that amethyst prevented intoxication; hence drinking vessels were made of amethyst, and people wore amulets made of it to counteract the effects of wine. Legend states it was used to drive away evil spirits and protect against snake and spider bites. It is more difficult to see that the earth extends her attractive power to the sun, the planets, and the stars.Another nobler rock is the truth that the Lord’s Providence is over all the events of life. There is an immense variety of truth like this that is in the very nature of things, and it is the foundation of all theories, plans, and works. The green color comes from nickel. That a rock denotes the Lord as to faith, and relatively to man, the faith which is from the Lord, is evident from many passages in the Word, as in Moses:--. Great quantities of quality sardonyx came from India during this time. Most scholars agree that lapis lazuli is actually the stone referred to as “sapphire” in the Bible. The fixed truths of nature also are inflexible, but may be opened by well-directed effort, and examined in their details. It was used in ancient times as mantles, pillars, vases, and other interior decorations. But rocks are utterly unlike water in their hardness, inflexibility, and solidity. (Mark 3:35) God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life. Chrysolite (Topaz), Ex 28:19, 39:12, Ezek 28:13, Job 28:19, Rev 21:20  Chrysolite is the seventh foundation stone of the New Jerusalem foundation. Jasper was a favorite in the ancient world, and its lore can be traced back in Hebrew, Assyrian, Persian, Greek and Latin. Copyright © 2007-2013 A. J. Coriat All rights reserved. This truth, as men receive it, is directed and guided by the fixed truth of nature—as, for example, that it is not practicable to use stones for bread, or fruits for building; and it is continually incorporating with itself such bits as show what is possible or impossible—as that when we are hungry we must eat what is soft and nutritious; and by the comparison of these again with the original mass of truth, it detaches more particulars—as that grains are edible, and are made more so by cooking; fruits, also, in various degrees. By the action of ice and water, particles and larger fragments are continually separated  from the rocks, and by their own friction they disengage other fragments. They are crystals, most of them opaque, yet reflecting obscurely the light of spiritual truth. All the foundations of the Holy City are precious stones; her streets are pure gold, and her gates are pearls.The Lord’s Word is full of jewels, finer, purer, more enduring, more full of light, than any other stones. Even Julius Caesar, the Roman general, became an avid collector of engraved sardonyx. Those that show the clear light of the Divine Wisdom would shine like clear crystal, or like the diamond. "The wall was of jasper: and the city was pure gold, like unto clear glass. It is found in many different colors and patterns. Jasper, Ex 28:20, 39:13, Job 28:18, Ezek 28:13, Rev 4:3, 21:11,18,19  Jasper is named as the twelfth stone in the breastplate. Even before recorded history began, they were being used for tools and decorative purposes. There has been a lot of question about whether the shoham stone is indeed onyx, however, Josephus (Jewish historian AD 37-100) who had personal access to the breastplate in his time, clearly identifies the shoham stone as onyx. Chrysoprase, Rev 21:20  Chrysoprase is listed as the tenth stone in the foundation of the New Jerusalem. Turquoise, Ex 28:18; 39:11; Ezek 28:13  Turquoise is sometimes referenced in newer translations as the first stone in the second row. Turquoise was valued by most ancient civilizations, including the Aztecs, Incas, Persians, Egyptians, and Native Americans. Theophratus (372-287BC) describes it as “sappir spotted with gold.” These descriptions sound more like lapis lazuli. And then we need to attend to our principles, to break up their worldly easiness, and to bring out their crystalline surfaces of genuine truth, which will examine thoroughly and judge rightly. None of the Hebrew texts give any hint as to the nature of this stone. Jacinth is the eleventh stone in the New Jerusalem foundation. (John 6:51)That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the spirit is spirit. It is a calcareous secretion of certain polyps resulting in a tree-like formation. As more information surfaces thanks to archaeological findings and the writings of ancient historians such as Theophrastus (372-287 BC), Elder Pliny (23-79 AD), and Josephus (37-100 AD), we are able to make more positive identifications. Agate, Ex 28:19, 39:12  Agate is named as the second stone in the third row of the breastplate. Agate was discovered with the Stone Age man in France 20,000-16,000 B.C. Usually only the translucent or transparent, single color types are called "chalcedony", the majority of chalcedonies are agates and jaspers. Those that treat of the love of wisdom in angels and men, according to the quality and the purpose of the wisdom loved, might appear in a variety of colors, like those of the sapphire, the sardonyx, the beryl, or the jacinth; for these colors represent such heavenly affections.Author: JOHN WORCESTER 1875. Why a “Rock?” The term or phrase “the rock’ is more than just a word that describes an earthly element. ROCKS OF THE BIBLE. It is such truth as that the sun gives heat; that grains and fruits are nutritious; that lambs are innocent; that birds have nests; that the morning always follows the night, and summer the winter. The Romans developed this craft of engraving into a fine art. Anyone who is interested in the meaning of gemstones and who has an interest in history and legend has probably noticed that there are a number of precious and semi-precious gemstones mentioned in the Bible.. No plan can be formed without building into itself some particulars of truth of nature, which, when the present need has passed, may serve for others; as there is no plant but has its mineral ash which, when the plant decays, is food for other plants. The latter are the truths of nature and of human nature, as God made them and as they really are. These seal rings when pressed into the seal material (clay or wax) leave a raised design. This rock lies deep, but not too deep for the knowledge of those whose lives are deeply founded; yet even they separate from the rock the particulars, and see that the Divine Providence is in this or that event, only by considerable effort. Of the rocks we make millstones, by which the grains are broken and ground into flour for bread. Learn more about Chalcedony and Agates and Jaspers here. In times of trouble God is our source of strength. Some believe Sardius may have meant Ruby or Garnet. But rocks are utterly unlike water in their hardness, inflexibility, and solidity.We found the spiritual correlative of water in the general truth which shows what is good and practicable in any given case—truth which is universal, applicable to all circumstances, and taking its quality in great degree from circumstances. The ancients obtained onyx from Arabia, Egypt, and India. No matter whose translation of the Bible you read - Protestant, Catholic, Greek, Hebrew, Egyptian, Babylonian or Assyrian - you will note the placement and the names of stones in the breastplate differ. In fact, turquoise, carnelian, and lapis lazuli were the most used gems by the ancient Egyptians. Sapphires were not known before the Roman Empire (300 BC) and were initially considered to be jacinth. Rocks. It is hard, solid, and unyielding; we trust to it, and build upon it and with it, in a manner exactly corresponding to our use of stones.Stones are inflexible, but they can be broken or cut so that larger or smaller fragments may be taken for use. There is no stone or mineral bearing the name Ligure or Jacinth today. Onyx, Gen 2:12, Ex 28:20, Job 28:16, Ezek 28:13  The Hebrew word shoham is most often translated as onyx and it is the second stone in the fourth row of the breastplate. Chalcedony is a microcrystalline quartz. All this fixed truth of natural history and of history has the general characteristics of rock. Diamond, Ex 28:18, 39:11, Jer 17:1, Ezek 28:13  Diamond is listed as the third stone in the third row. They are truths in natural forms, from which or through which the light of spiritual wisdom shines clearly.When Peter confessed to the Lord, “Thou art the Christ, the Son of the Living God,” the Lord replied, “Upon this rock I will build myChurch.” This confession is, indeed, the foundation of the Christian Church; but it is no dull, opaque rock. The great streams which bear onward these bits of natural truth are the thoughts and lives of communities; the lakes and seas to which they are borne, are the various forms of memory and history; the water of the seas is the truth which men have lived; and the deposited beds of stone are the portions of fundamental truth which they have received and worked into their lives, and which now constitute the facts of their lives.In such deposited rock are imbedded in great numbers the remains of plants and animals, both those that have been washed down from the land, and those that lived in the water; and so history preserves to us the biographies of individual men, imbedded like fossils in the mass of general knowledge of what was done and thought in their time. Chalcedony, Rev 21:19  Chalcedony is listed as the third foundation stone of the New Jerusalem. When it is really fixed, it is solid, inflexible, and to be depended upon, like the stones. Gemstones (precious gems or stones) have, and will, play a vital and fascinating role in the Bible. However it is most often assumed that the chrysolite of the ancients equates to our topaz of today. Turquoise specimens have been found in excavations of early civilizations such as Sumer (3500 BC). However, the diamond was probably not the true identity of these stones because the diamond was not identified in the Mediterranean lands until the first century AD, and then it was not valued for it’s beauty as a decorative gemstone, but for it’s use as a tool for carving other stones due to it’s hardness. Onyx is a chalcedony that has even, banded layers of various color (most commonly black and white). No topaz has been found there and topaz is not green. Jasper is a variety of chalcedony. It is also of an azure color...In no case, however, is this stone transparent." The various types differ in color due to metallic impurities, such as iron, nickel, copper, and titanium present during crystallization. Precious stones such as topaz, emerald, pearls and sapphires are listed in the Bible and have meanings of their own. Carnelian was believed to be an important stone in preventing misfortune. It has also been suggested that it was actually amber. Deuteronomy 8:15 Who led thee through that great and terrible wilderness, wherein were fiery serpents, and scorpions, and drought, where there was no water; who brought thee forth water out of the rock of flint;. It is well for the spiritual and moral welfare of all, that such truths as these are acknowledged by some. “Agate” comes from the Greek word, Achates, which is the name of the river in Sicily where agate was mined in abundance as early as 3000 BC. Pliny (AD 23-69) describes the hyacinthus as being very different from amethyst, "though partaking of a color that closely' borders upon it" and it is believed by some that the jacinth/hyacinth may actually be the sapphire of today. The first type are black and gray pyroclastics that are usually massive, agglomeratic in places, contain large volcanic bombs and xenoliths, and accumulated in the necks of volcanoes and their immediate vicinities. It was also believed to make one invulnerable and it was placed on body armor, turbans, swords and knives. Many a traveler in Palestine has felt the refreshment of "the shade of a great rock in a weary land" (Isaiah 32:2). This being was named … The first mention of stones in the Bible (Exodus 28:17-20) has to do with the stones in Aaron's breastplate. In Bible times, chalcedony was used extensively in the carving of seals, signet rings, beads, bowls, goblets, glasses, and other household objects. Some variations of those names still exist today, but many stones have been reclassified by science. It appears that the identitoes of chrysolite (or peridot) and topaz were reversed in Biblical times! In many legends agate is believed to cure the stings of scorpions and the bites of snakes, soothe the mind, prevent contagion, quiet thunder and lightning, secure the favor of the powerful, and bring victory over enemies. Jasper (iaspis) is mentioned in several places in the Bible and it is also listed as the sixth foundation stone of the New Jerusalem in the Greek and Latin texts. Cut into the landscapes surrounding ancient Judean cities, their design ranges from single chambered, with simple square or rectangular layouts, to multi-chambered with more complex designs. Amethyst is one of the few stones in which experts agree as to the correctness of its identification. Bible never claims the age of the earth. The particles of the soil correspond to the little particulars of natural truth which we are obliged to depend upon and to use in the plans for work and for pleasure of every day’s life. Carnelian (Sardius), Ex 28:19, 39:10; Rev 4:3, 21:20  Sardius or Odem is listed as the first stone in the first row, and Sardius is the sixth stone in the New Jerusalem foundation. It was also used extensively for inlaying. Following are the classification of rocks in India: Rocks of the Archaean system: These rocks get this name as they are formed from the hot molten earth and are the oldest and primary rocks.Gneiss is an example and is found in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and some parts of Jharkhand and Rajasthan. The Greek word for onyx is onux literally “the nail of a finger”. Metaphysical Defintion and Healing Crystals, Words used to describe Rocks and Minerals, State Gemstones, Rocks, Fossils and Minerals, Sonora Sunset, Sonora Sunrise, or Chrysocolla Cuprite, Imperial Jasper and Royal Imperial Jasper, Silver Sheen Obsidian or Gold Sheen Obsidian, Quartz, Rose Quartz, Aventurine, Citrine, Amethyst. Carbuncle is used in some translations as the third stone in the first row and emerald is listed as the first stone in the second row (instead of turquoise). In Bible times stones were identified by color, such as the Hebrew term odem, which simply means “red stone.” This could have been any number of red stones known at the time (i.e. Search Catholic Online for Catholic news, entertainment, information, media, saints, Bible, and prayers. And this we need to apply to the works under consideration, bringing out the thought and feeling that entered into them.Millers know that after long use their millstones become smooth and blunted, so that the grain passes through them imperfectly ground. Three types of pyroclastics rocks have been recognized, each bearing a close relationship to its distance from the eruption center and to its accumulation rate. It is a comprehensive truth of this kind that the earth attracts towards itself all material bodies. The Hebrew word odem (literally redness or red stone), is translated by some Bible scholars as sardius. Carnelian is a translucent, orangish red variety of chalcedony that has often been used for ring stones and wax seals. Carnelian has been frequently discovered in excavations of the ancient tombs of royalty. Catholic Online has many special features to help you find the information you are looking for. The rocks, finely pulverized, make the greater part of the soil, and in this condition they give support to plants and trees. God is my rock. The rocks of the mind must be principles that are fixed, unyielding, and nearly unchangeable.Such principles there are of many kinds. Sardonyx made beautiful cameos, and was often extravagantly carved. We need not wonder that the broad foundation of the Church is a precious stone. Presently coral is found in the Mediterranean , the northern coast of Africa furnishing the dark red, Sardinia the yellow or salmon-coloured, and the coast of Italy the rose-pink coral. The Rock Cycle. Of stone were formerly made jugs and pitchers for water; and nowadays these, and a thousand other vessels for containing food and drink, are  made of clay hardened to stone by fire. In the Old Testament, the 12 different precious stones were used to symbolize the 12 tribes of Israel. "Rocks" - mentioned in 12 books and occurs 22 times in the Bible (KJV) A string of expertly carved carnelian beads was found in Egypt dating back to 3100 BC. So the term topaz of Bible times was actually the peridot (or chrysolite) of today. Our Creator, long before man, used stones such as diamonds, rubies and emeralds to adorn one of the greatest beings he could create by fiat. Processes of the Rock Cycle. The word rock alone is mentioned 150 times, more or less, depending on the translation you're using. Then go deeper by reading All About Agates and following the links on that page to specific types of agates. Types of Rocks in India. A necklace more than 10 feet long and containing 670 orange-red carnelian beads was found in the tomb of a queen dating 1000 BC. The correlative truth is that even the truths of nature took form by degrees, as nature itself came into form, and the order of its operations became established. Bible Gems & Minerals. Another kind of truth, still more extensive than that of history, is the fixed truth of natural history. Bible verses about rocks. Mines in Afghanistan have been producing gem lapis lazuli for nearly 5000 years and are still the world’s largest producer of the material. A necklace that included chrysoprase beads was found on a mummy dating back to 1500 BC. Chrysoprase has been discovered in archaeological digs in ancient Egypt. Some gemstones were mined in Israel, but the Hebrew people also obtained gemstones from the Middle East and Asia. This is a translation in question. They agree in their differences from sensitive animals and growing plants. The various types differ in color due to metallic impurities, such as iron, nickel, copper, and titanium present during crystallization. This stone has been found in abundance in archaeological digs of ancient civilizations, including King Tut’s tomb, which held many beautiful specimens of lapis jewelry dating to 1350 B.C. The term aquamarine is not used by any of the Bible translators, but many scholars believe that the aquamarine was the type of beryl of the eighth stone of the New Jerusalem. Jasper is undoubtedly the yshphh of the Hebrew text. Old earth and young earth creationists disagree. Often composed of flint. The Bible and science , geology, must be in harmony. During the Middle Ages it was believed to possess the power of relieving anxiety at night, driving away devils, and to be an excellent cure for eye diseases. It would at first sight appear that the Greek word topazion must be translated into English by the word "topaz", but according to Pliny (AD 23-69), the topaz was a green stone found and mined on the island of Topazios (today called St. John’s Island off the coast of Egypt). It was used for jewelry, ornamentation, seals, and amulets. This may be called historical truth. Part of Job's description of wisdom and understanding Job 28:15 - 19 Surely there is a vein for the silver, and a place for gold where they fine it. It promises to be an interesting study.Let's discover together the significance of the rocks and stones mentioned within the pages… Peridot is the modern name for chrysolite, which is a lovely, transparent, green gem from the mineral olivine. Spiritual distance is difference of state. The word sardonyx comes from the Greek sardonux, and has remained relatively unchanged for centuries. In the New Testament, these stones are used symbolically to describe how the new city of Jerusalem will be built. But there are also precious stones which are distinguished from common stones by their hardness and by their beautiful colors, or the brilliancy of the light which they transmit. Many amulets made from jasper were found in Egypt with scripture inscribed on the amulet to protect the wearer from death. 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