[62] By the time India gained independence from British Empire, some 80% of Lushei tribe people had converted to Christianity. There are eleven districts in Mizoram. Visualise data with charts & maps. Manipur Election Dates 4th and 8th March 2017, Live Voting Results, Manipur Candidate List 2017 BJP | INC | BSP, India Today - Axis Manipur Opinion Poll Released …Read Here. [22] The chiefs were the absolute rulers of their respective clans' territories (ram), although they remained under the nominal political jurisdictions of the Rajas of Manipur, Tripura and Burma. [115], In 2008, the Mizoram Excise and Narcotics (Wine) Rules amended the ban of 1996 to allow the manufacture, export, sale, possession and consumption of wine in Mizoram made from grapes and guava[116] which would help the economy of the state, reduce fruit waste from farms, and encourage large scale commercialisation. In an attempt to counter these insurgency threats, the Indian government bombed state areas affected with insurgency (which is the only known bombing of India on its own soil) on 5 March 1966. [85] The state has proposed projects to attract private investments on Build, Own, Operate and Transfer (BOOT) basis with financial assistance in rehabilitating its citizens were they to be affected by the project. [26] In the same year the Young Mizo Association was formed which is still an important institution in Mizoram. The popularity of the Christian religion at Mizoram can be understood from the statistical fact that about 83.81 % of the total population of the state in the year 1981 was Christian by faith. [83], There were 3,894 schools in Mizoram as of 2012. The Average Sex Ratio of Saiha district is 979. The political and judiciary powers of chiefs were neither final nor exclusive, thereafter. Saiha District Population, Caste, Religion Data (Mizoram) - Census 2011. Mizoram produces about 26% of rice it consumes every year, and it buys the deficit from other states of India.[14]. Of these, 42% are publicly owned and managed by Central/State governments, 28% are private without government subsidies, 21% are private with government subsidies, and the rest are primary and middle schools that are government financed by run by three Autonomous District Councils of Mizoram. More than 98% of the Naga people identify themselves as Christian. The rivers have a gentle drainage gradient particularly in the south. The state is also host to a variety of fauna, just like its sister northeastern Indian states. Mizoram has one Central University (Mizoram University), one engineering college (National Institute of Technology Mizoram) and one private university (a branch of the Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India). [18], The origin of the Mizos, like those of many other tribes in the northeastern India, is shrouded in mystery. These ethnic groups are collectively known as Mizos (Mi means People, Zo meaning the name of a progenitor ; Mizo thus is People of Zo origin[26]). Tlawmngaihna as cultural concept incorporates behaviour that is self-sacrificing, self-denying, doing what an occasion demands unselfishly and without concern for inconvenience caused, persevering, stoical, stout-hearted, plucky, brave, firm, independent, loath to lose one's good reputation. Mizoram gross state domestic product (GSDP) in 2011-2012 was about ₹6,991 crore (US$980 million). [24], Some of the earliest records of raids and intertribal conflicts are from the early 19th century. Although many more rivers and streams drain the hill ranges, the most important and useful rivers are the Tlawng, Tut, Tuirial and Tuivawl which flow through the northern territory and eventually join the Barak River in Cachar District. Of the many schools of Buddhism that are exist recent time Theravada Buddhism in Mizoram. After creation of the separate state of Mizoram, the region has benefited considerably from the creation of a Central University, High Court Bench and autonomous ruled Districts for Tribes. The region was renamed as Mizo District within Assam State in April 1954 and in that year, the institution of hereditary chieftainship was abolished, and instead village courts/council were set up. Journal of Agri. Mizoram is one of the wonderful states in Northeast India and Aizawl is the capital. In modern Mizoram, much of the social life often revolves around church. 91.33% which isgreaterthan average literacy rate 72.98% of India. [33], Mizoram is a land of rolling hills, valleys, rivers and lakes. Each village behaved like a small state, and the chief was called Lal. Thalfavang Kut celebrated completion of weeding of the jhum crop fields. Chapchar Kut was the festival of spring (February/March), just before jhum started and land was cut-and-burnt for a new crop. Also the male literacy rate is 93.35 The region is influenced by monsoons, raining heavily from May to September with little rain in the dry (cold) season. [4] Within the northeast region, it is the southernmost landlocked state, sharing borders with three of the Seven Sister States, namely Tripura, Assam and Manipur. [78] In 2013, the area dedicated to horticulture and floriculture increased to 9.4% of 1.2 million hectares potential.[8]. [28] At the time of the British conquest, there were around 60 chiefs. ... Agriculture. The Bru (Reang), Chakma, Tanchangya, origin of Northern Arakan Mountain, are some non-Kuki tribes of Mizoram, with some suggestion that some of these are Indo-Aryan in their origins. Other than tribal groups, other ethnic groups inhabit Mizoram. Other problems faced by the state includes shortage of electricity, capital, telecommunication and export market access. [54] The term Kuki mean the inhabitants of the interior and inaccessible mountain tracts. Mizoram is one of the beautiful states in Northeast India, with Aizawl being the capital. This is available from the Liaison Officer, government of Mizoram in Kolkata, Silchar, Shillong, Guwahati and New Delhi. Mizoram es un estat del nòrd èst d'Índia.Sa capitala es Aizawl.Lo nom es derivat de mizo, lo nom dels abitants indigèns, e ram, que significa tèrra, et doncas Mizoram significa « tèrra dels mizos ».Dins la region del nòrd-èst, es l'Estat sens litoral pus al sud, partejant de frontièras amb tres dels set Estats sòrres, a saver Tripura, Assam e Manipur. The primary reasons for cyclical jhum cultivation includes, according to Goswami et al.,[77] personal, economic, social and physical. The Mizoram Human Development Report, prepared by the Institute for Human Development (IHD), is a comprehensive document detailing the status of various discussions pertaining to human development such as healthcare, education, income, women’s issues and other In all Christian form majority religion in 8 out of 8 districts of Mizoram state. Data have been collected since 1948 through a set of questionnaires dispatched annually to over 230 national statistical offices and have been published in the Demographic Yearbook collection. About 52% of Mizoram population lives in urban areas, much higher than India's average. The state also has 22.92 MW of thermal power and 0.50 MW of Diesel generating set as of March 2012. It is the 2nd least populous state in the country. After India gained independence from the colonial rule, the region was granted autonomous status in 1952, where Mizo people formulated their own laws and delivered judicial decisions. Hinduism is second most popular religion in Mizoram state with 2.75 % following it. Phawngpui Tlang also known as the Blue Mountain, situated in the southeastern part of the state, is the highest peak in Mizoram at 2,210 metres (7,250 ft). [23][26] Village courts were re-implemented in the Mizo region along with other parts of Assam. [16], Mizoram has a highly literate work force, with literacy rate of nearly 90% and widespread use of English. 587-637). The 1958–59 plague provoked a rural uprising during which the indigenous Mizo people launched a violent 20-year rebellion against the federal government. The agricultural productivity is very low in Mizoram. Christian majority Mizo population started persecuting and driving the Buddhist Chakmas and Hindu Brus, minority groups in state, out of Mizoram after being bestowed with statehood. Mizoram is leading producers of Bamboo in India and supplies 14 % of India’s commercial bamboo. In Mizoram, Christians now form 90 percent of the STpopulation. The state has a chief minister, council of ministers with a portfolio of ministries responsible for different priorities and role of the government.[70]. The name is derived from "Mizo", the name of the native inhabitants, and "Ram", which means land, and thus Mizoram means "land of the Mizos". When the plant was cut down, jets of water sprayed from the plant and created a pool of water, thus the lake was named Ţam Dil which means of 'lake of mustard plant'. The state government has been implementing Special Economic Zones (SEZs) to encourage economic growth. Hinduism is second most popular religion in Mizoram state with 2.75 % following it. Beyond the major rivers, Mizoram has many small but perennial streams and rivulets with ideal condition for developing micro/mini and small hydroelectric projects. Internet access is average, and private television cable channels are popular. Besides the Christians, there are 8.8 percent Buddhists among theSTs; most of them are Chakmas, who are unlikely to convert. (as per year 2014 GDP data) Mizos practice Slash and Burn cultivation (Jhum or shifting cultivation). [13][14] The sector's contribution to the gross state domestic product was 30% in 1994, just 14% in 2009 due to economic growth of other sectors. Christian missionaries developed the Mizo script. Total population of Mizoram as per 2011 census is 1,097,206 of which male and female are 555,339 and 541,867 respectively. It is believed that the lake was created as a result of an earthquake or a flood. Literacy rate in Assam has seen upward trend. It is seen as a means for generate food for one's family, ignoring its potential for commerce, growth and prosperity. [96][97][98] Thus, after a fire or landslide or flood damage, the Mizo culture is one of spontaneous humble social work without demands or expectations. The state is developing its Kolodyne river for navigation and international trade. As per 2021 Census of data Total literates in Mizoram stands at **** of which males were **** and females were ***. Christianity is most popular religion in Mizoram with 87.16 % of state population following the same. The great majority of Mizoram's population consists of several ethnic tribes who are either culturally or linguistically linked. [9] Tropical semi-evergreen, tropical moist deciduous, subtropical broadleaved hill and subtropical pine forests are the most common vegetation types found in Mizoram. In the capital Aizawl, rainfall is about 215 centimetres (85 in) and in Lunglei, another major centre, about 350 centimetres (140 in). The crop area used for jhum cultivation rotates in Mizoram; that is, the area slashed and burnt for a crop is abandoned for a few years and then jhumias return to slash and burn the same plot after a few years of non-use. More than 98% of the Mizos are considered Christians. Only 17% of the land is non-forested area for cultivation, industry, mining, housing and other commercial human activity. 1 (, Dommen, A. J. The rule was hereditary, and there were no written laws (the first script for Mizo language was developed by Christian missionaries Lorraine and Savidge about 1895).[26]. These clans sometimes have slight linguistic differences. During the British rule, Christian missionaries were encouraged to come to Mizoram to proselytise and preach. The people living in the Mizo Hills were generally referred to as the Cucis or Kukis by their neighbouring ethnic groups which was also a term adopted by the British writers. About 640 species of birds have been identified in the state, many of which are endemic to the Himalayan foothills and southeast Asia. Further, as they arrived, there were raids, fear of raids and intertribal feuds. The colonial power retained the chiefs and Mizo customs, including the socially stratified hereditary transfer of political power. Indian population religion wise 2019 - State wise. [11][57] This demographic classification, given to Mizoram tribes since the 1950s, has provided reservations and extra resources in education and government job opportunities, a preferential treatment as a means to accelerate their integration with mainstream society.[58]. Today the lake is an important tourist attraction and a holiday resort. [118] In 2014, the state's narcotics minister noted that the liquor ban had produced some serious problems in Mizo society due to the drinking of spurious and unhealthy (locally made) liquor, known as zu. In 2001, the figure was 0.09 percent. The density of population is 52 persons per square kilometre. Few Christian missionaries came to Mizoram, during colonial period, knowing that the rural hill population is busy fighting among between different tribes. Mizoram - Mizoram - Government and society: The basic governmental structure of Mizoram, like that of most other Indian states, is determined by the national constitution of 1950. [84], The hydroelectric power potential of Mizoram was assessed to be about 3600 MW in 2010,[85] and about 4500 MW in 2012. Broadband access is available. [19] In the 1840s, Captain Blackwood of Britain marched into the Mizo Hills with his troops to punish a Palian tribal chief for raiding British interests in India. Mizoram was the next State to be Christianised. Mizoram is a state in northeastern India, with Aizawl as its capital city. With international borders with Bangladesh and Myanmar, it is an important port state for southeast Asian imports to India, as well as exports from India. Under the 10+2+3 plan, students may enroll in general or professional degree programs after passing the Higher Secondary Examination (the grade 12 examination). In the 1890s, the British annexed the Lushai Hills (as the hills of Mizoram are commonly known as) district to Assam. A Superintendent of Police is responsible for the police administration of each district. According to one view, 'zo' means 'highland' (or hill) and Mizoram means 'land of the Mizos'. The state is also home to many reptiles, amphibians, fish and invertebrates. Prior to 1947, the distance to Kolkata from Mizoram was shorter; but ever since, travel through Bangladesh has been avoided, and traffic loops through Assam an extra 1,400 kilometres to access the economic market of West Bengal. Is it safe to travel in Mizoram? They have developed a unique culture in the field of Music. [55] Muslims make up about 1.3% of the state population. Asian Survey, Vol. [17], The biggest contributors to state's GSDP growth are Agriculture, Public Administration and Construction work. The government of Mizoram declared that Christianity plays a very Slash-and-burn jhum, or shifting cultivation, is the most common form of farming here, though it gives poor crop yields. [103] Along with reviving traditional festivals, the community has been reviving traditional dances at these festivals, for example, dances such as Cheraw, Khuallam, Chheihlam and Chai.[104]. Mizoram Religious Data Christianity is most popular religion in Mizoram with 87.16 % of state population following the same. [8] The state's gross state domestic product (GSDP) growth rate was nearly 10% annually over 2001-2013 period. (1967). Mizoram is a mountainous state nestling in the southern tip of the north-east region of India. And, in the next two decades of 1931 to 1951, nearly the whole of the tribal population of Mizoram was converted to Christianity. [1], The Mizoram State Legislative Assembly has 40 seats and the Village Councils are the grassroots of democracy and leadership in Mizoram. After agriculture, the major employer of its people include handloom and horticulture industries. Name: Vanlalhruaia Sailo: Father's Name : Lallianluauva: Date & Place of birth: 03/Sep/1972 Champhai: Educational Qualification: Bachelor of Technology (Mechanical) Rice remains the largest crop grown in Mizoram by gross value of output. The country in general has a population density of 4-16 people. These gradually rise up to 1,300 metres (4,300 ft) to the east. Mizoram has many traditional dances, such as: Mizo traditional tunes are very soft and gentle, with locals claiming that they can be sung the whole night without the slightest fatigue. [101] Community festivals were called kut in the local language, and there were major and minor kuts such as Chapchar Kut, Thalfavang Kut, Mim Kut and Pawl Kut. Rural poverty is significantly higher in Mizoram, with 35.4% below the poverty line compared to India's rural poverty average of 25.7; while in urban areas of Mizoram, 6.4% are below the poverty line. [39] The state is in a region where cyclones and landslides can cause weather-related emergencies. Indian population religion wise 2019 list with state wise Census of India Hindu population, Muslim population,Sikh,Christian,Buddhist and Jainism.. 8. [6], Mizoram's population was 1,091,014, according to a 2011 census. The state also shares a 722-kilometre border with the neighbouring countries of Bangladesh and Myanmar. Kurian, J. C., & Varte, R. T. (1995), CREROW AND KHUALLAM DANCES OF MIZOS, Encyclopaedic Profile of Indian Tribes, Vol 1, Aplin, K., & Lalsiamliana, J. In 1961, the literacy was 51%. In 1972 it became a centrally administered union territory under the name of Mizoram, and in 1987 it achieved statehood. In Mizoram state, Islam is followed by 1.35 %, Jainism by 0.03 %, Buddhism by 8.51 % and Sikhism by 0.03 %. The Mizo National Famine Front, a body formed for famine relief in 1959, later developed into a new political organisation, the Mizo National Front (MNF) in 1961. [citation needed] In 1961, the Hindu population was about 6%. Community establishments exist in urban centres that arrange social events, sports event, musical concerts, comedy shows and other activities. More than 98% of the Naga people identify themselves as Christian. Religion: The major religion practiced is Christianity. The first election of Mizoram Legislative Assembly was held on 16 February 1987. The ARDA provides free access to the most authoritative religion statistics, data and church membership reports from around the world, including Christian statistics and adherents data. [30] The Mizo insurgents were getting funded and sponsored by then East Pakistan and China. [79] The state gets a lot of rain, but its soil is porous and irrigation infrastructure very inadequate; this has affected it crop yield and reliability. Socio-Economic Statistical Information about Mizoram. Following the Mizoram Peace Accord (1986) between the Government and the MNF, Mizoram was declared a full-fledged state of India in 1987. As a result, majority converted to Christianity and changed their faiths without giving up any resistance. In the southern hills of Mizoram, the Baptist Church had the dominant following. Within the northeast region, it is the southernmost landlocked state, sharing borders with three of the Seven Sister States, namely Tripura, Assam and Manipur. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Saiha District as per Census 2011 [8] Sericulture is an important handicraft industry engaged by nearly 8,000 families in over 300 Mizo villages.[17]. [54] The Bnei Menashe tribe claim Jewish descent.[55]. Mizoram is a highly literate agrarian economy. In 1971, the government agreed to convert the Mizo Hills into a Union Territory, which became Mizoram in 1972. [81] The state government has acquired 127 acres of land in Khawnuam for development of the Indo-Myanmar border trade township. It was known as the Lushai Hills District of Assam before it was renamed the Mizo Hills District in 1954. Mizoram is considered one of the safest places to travel in India. historical times and there are approximately one hundred monasteries (known as vihara in Pali) in Mizoram. Hello Readers, Today In This Post You will study Population Of India 2019 ( As Per Population of India in census 2011), We have created The List of population of India. [109] The tourism ministry regulates the maintenance and upgrade of tourist lodges throughout the state. The most recent Mizoram elections were held for 40 seats of legislative assembly on 28 November 2018. The moderate climate of Mizoram, which is comfortable even in during summer makes it an attractive destination for all the tourists. Hello Readers, Today In This Post You will study Population Of India 2019 ( As Per Population of India in census 2011), We have created The List of population of India. By the time India gained independence from the British Empire, the number of tribal chiefs had increased to over 200. [86] If even half of this is realised, the state could supply all its citizens and industry with 24/7 electricity, as well as earn income by selling surplus power to the national grid. Citizens of Afghanistan, China and Pakistan and foreign nationals having their origin in these countries are required to get the pass through the Indian consulate or from the Ministry of Home Affairs in New Delhi, before they arrive in Mizoram. [63] Other Christian churches present in Mizoram include the United Pentecostal Church, the Salvation Army, the Seventh-day Adventist Church, Church of God (Seventh Day), Mizoram Conference, Kohhran Thianghlim, Roman Catholic, Lairam Isua Krista Baptist Kohhran (LIKBK), Congregational Church of India (Maraland), Evangelical Church of Maraland, Independent Church of India (ICI) and Evangelical Free Church of India (EFCI). As per 2021 Census of data Total literates in Mizoram stands at **** of which males were **** and females were ***. The Mizoram Premiere League had eight teams during the 2012–2013 season and is the highest level league in Mizoram. Publication Board, 1991, 2 ) it extends from 21°56 ' N to 24°31 ',! Exercise in 2020, India started settling persecuted Brus mizoram religion data the gerontocratic Mizo society 2001, population. That the rural hill population is busy fighting among between different tribes and. 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