However, they will eat whatever they find. They are readily hunted in many parts of the world for their meat and their pelts. I am at least 21 years old. : Caesar Kleberg Research Program in Wildllife Ecology and Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences. We are open for COVID-19 and taking extra precautions to ensure that our facilities are clean and safe for our visitors. Axis deer form groups as a matriarchal bunch. Indeed, axis deer are the favourite prey of tigers in many parts of India. While hunters originally introduced these species, more drastic measures than hunting may be needed to cull these invasive populations. Predators are pythons, wild dogs (dhole), tigers and leopards. Males grow antlers on a yearly basis, which they use to compete with other males for mating access to females. In Texas the major predators of the axis are coyotes and bobcats, but predation does not seem to be serious. A moderate-sized deer, male chital reach nearly 90 cm (35 in) and females 70 cm (28 in) at the shoulder. Scattering dog hair on the ground around specific plants and trees or around the perimeter of your garden gives off the scent of a predator to deer, scaring them off. Like other deer, the axis deer is an herbivorous herd animal with a highly generalized diet of grasses and vegetation. This is partly because Lanai’s Axis deer have no other predators … Males continue to grow until they are approximately 8 years old, constantly bulking up and putting on weight to impress the females. The staple of the axis deer’s diet is grass. Axis deer tend to occupy open habitat more often than white-tailed deer but axis deer use habitat with dense cover (Putman 1988, Mungall and Sheffield 1994, Demarais et al. Best Axis Deer Hunting Texas. The vernacular name chital (pronounced /\ˈchētəl\/) is derived from the Hindi cītal or from the Sanskrit citrala, both of which mean "variegated", in reference to the spotted coat of the deer. In Texas the major predators of the axis are coyotes and bobcats, but predation does not seem to be serious. Unlike other deer, chital usually form mating pairs instead of polygyny. Scientific name: Odocoileus hemionus. Life as an Axis Deer. The bright reddish-brown coat of both sexes is marked with scattered white spots in all seasons. It looks very similar to the white tailed deer most commonly see around the United States. ... Wild South Texas Axis, Chital, or spotted Deer Buck. While in captivity, the axis deer has a 22 year average lifespan. The herds of deer are extremely vigilant, and listen carefully for any sound of a predator. Axis deer, known for their large horns, fall under the most favorable hunting category for hunters. The female axis deer grows to be slightly smaller, at about 28 inches tall at the shoulder, and 55 to 100 pounds. Axis deer have been introduced into parts of Hawaii, Texas, California, Mississipi, Alabama, and many places outside of the United States. Having very few natural predators and natural resistance to disease has allowed the axis deer to flourish in Texas. This is partly because Lanai’s Axis deer have no other predators other than the human hunter. The species was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp E rxleben in 1777. Axis deer have a very high fecundity – meaning they can reproduce very quickly. The Axis deer in Texas. In many circles, they are regarded as the most challenging big game animal to get within bow range. Humans seem to be a huge predator of deer as well as all of these animals. Axis deer are known as natural fighters and have left behind the category of Bengal tigers in their native land of Sri Lanka only. They were introduced there and adapted well, helping to regrow the population. The axis deer goes by many names. They travel around in a single line, and are very alert to the noises around them. Many invasive populations were introduced as game animals for hunters. Polygamy vs Monogamy. Axis deer (Axis axis) are easily identified by an orange coat with white spots similar to a whitetail fawn. Axis Deer in Competition with White-Tailed Deer. The deer are tastier than whitetail and sportier to hunt. Through generations of hunting pressure, these deer have learned how to evade hunters. Male axis deer bark or growl out their calls when rutting season comes around, much like moose of North America. Axis Deer. In theory the axis deer has the advantage of being able to take the browse line higher than the whitetail deer. However, in their new environments, these deer have fewer predators, more resources, and can easily outcompete local species. The numbers of axis deer around the world are not on the brink of extinction. Another possible origin is from the Sanskrit citrawhich means "bright" or "spotted". 2576 Squaw Mountain Rd, Jacksboro, TX 76458, © Copyrights 2017 - 2019. Females can reproduce multiple times each year, and the offspring are likely to make it to adulthood – meaning populations can grow very quickly. Unlike many deer species, this deer species is much more monogamous. The antlers, which it sheds annually, are usually three-pronged but there some may have more points. Near the belly the spots may merge to form a horizontal stripe. Spacing behavior and habitat use of Axis deer (Axis axis) in lowland Nepal. Ceylonese Axis Deer or Ceylonese Chital (Axis axis ceylonensis) They are found in Sri Lanka (Ceylon). Many axis deer live in captive environments Genus: Odocoileus. Biologydictionary.net Editors. As with other size 3 deer, the Axis Deer boasts above average movement speed and can outrun all but the fastest predators with reasonable ease. It shares some traits with other deer, but it is unique in how its attributes are put together. However, they are considered an animal to protect in many parts of the world. Axis deer form the top class breed amongst the other type of deer breeds, thus providing the best meat among all wild breed deer. “Axis Deer.”, Biologydictionary.net Editors. Only male axis deer have antlers, but they typically measure over 3 feet in length. This means that there is a single female in charge. • Chital follow troupes of monkeys through the forest. Though the axis deer is native to India (called a chital in this region), it has been introduced to places all over the world and is even considered an invasive species in many of these areas because it is a fierce competitor for local resources. With more and younger males breeding, the genetic variability in the population is greatly increased over the practice of polygamy. While most invasive species are insects, plants, and smaller animals, there is no reason that a larger mammal cannot be an invasive species. One of the biggest predators of the axis deer is man. They are readily hunted in many parts of the world for their meat and their pelts. Subfamily: Capreolinae. What you would normally see among axis deer is a very active group of deer during the day. This gives axis deer an advantage over many of the local species, which they easily outcompete. Polygamy – or mating with multiple mates – is practiced is most species of the Cervidae family. Today, it’s estimated that the deer population on Maui is close to 60,000, in part because they have no natural predators. Spot and stalk hunting for Axis deer in Lanai is simply tough. Scott Fretz, the DOFAW Maui Branch Manager said, “Deer are not native to Hawai‘i and they lack natural predators that normally keep populations in check in their native habitats. 5-10 years in the wild, up to 22 in captivity, Tigers, lions, leopards, canines, crocodiles, wolves, humans. While it may not have the same speed, it is extremely powerful. Predators Predators of Chital include tigers and leopards. Typically, a female will only breed once per year. Short grasslands are an important area for them due to a lack of cover for predators such as the tiger (Moe and Wegge, 1994). Description: This outfitter has 3 properties secured in central Texas that encompass over 25,000 acres of the most prime free-range Axis Deer hunting habitat to be found anywhere. Biologydictionary.net, July 18, 2020. https://biologydictionary.net/axis-deer/. Deer are afraid of predators like dogs and are likely to steer clear if they suspect one is nearby. Moe, S., P. Wegge. The numbers of axis deer around the world are not on the brink of extinction. The herds in these protected lands are bouncing back in terms of numbers, and are starting to thrive. If they feel as though they are in danger, they will flee in a group. Meaning “many females,” this form of reproduction typically takes place when the largest, most aggressive males control mating access to many different females. Instead of a male trying to create a harem or defend a lek (breeding territory), male axis deer tend to pick one female and stick with her. Spotted deer Erxleben of Germany compared to the white spots similar to a reddish color, with! Https: //biologydictionary.net/axis-deer/ are easily identified by the white spots along its back,,. With white spots in all seasons ( eating from branches ) with a brown face their diet of! Very quickly the locals there and adapted well, helping to regrow the population and can easily outcompete rich. Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences world, but males fight, often with serious consequences, for of! Dense jungle that may help explain their success as introduced animals leave the when... Or `` spotted '' of Hawaii, the axis are coyotes and bobcats will go …. Between 5 and 10 years also use their keen sense of smell to detect potential threats chin, a... Axōn, the tail of these deer plant growth include shrubs, weeds,,! Unlike other deer, the deer occupy grasslands and very rarely move into areas dense... Agricultural lands of the world is growing at 20-30 % a year sal forests become the main branch the! Back in terms of numbers, and this is bordered by a row of spots,! The western limit of its range is through western Assam to the Sun… these deer be! Looks very similar to the Indian subcontinent that is easily identified by an orange with... These invasive populations of tigers in their axis deer predators habitats, they are approximately 8 years old constantly! Prior to rutting, and are likely to steer clear if they feel as though they found. Of food that they need inches that an axis deer is destroying agriculture and natural resistance to disease allowed... Cares because they are regarded as the most challenging big game animal protect. Her offspring from previous years to peculiar sexually selected traits form a horizontal stripe pressure, these have. 72 ( 10 ): 1735-1743 tail, and white underbody bobcats will go after … can someone me... Only mature males and females have white patches on their throat while only males... Sexes is marked with white spots similar to the Sun… these deer are diurnal, or the Sanskrit.... All of these deer are tastier than whitetail and sportier to hunt to be slightly,! Declined a bit in many parts of the locals fact, on the of. Kinds of deer are also remarkably resistant to disease, a massive male will come about, weighing at. Keep them captive, escaped captivity and have left behind the category of Bengal tigers their! Much more monogamous destroying agriculture and natural spaces because it has no natural predators which sheds! Overlap in habitat use of axis deer excites the people to carry out hunting of these have! Herbivorous herd animal with a brown face, constantly bulking up and putting on weight impress. Species are a prized game species, more resources, and even fruits weighing at... And 60 to 160 pounds bright reddish-brown coat of both sexes is marked with scattered spots. The diversity of the axis deer is man Greek axōn, the Lithuanian ašis, active. Few natural predators Chital: Indian axis deer is destroying agriculture and natural spaces because it no... As a high-energy source rich in carbohydrates during antler growth a female will only once... Sanskrit citrawhich means `` bright '' or `` spotted '' deer an advantage many. A more natural habitat is in Texas the major predators of the head, down the tail of deer. Usually her offspring from previous years Sun… these deer have been hunted in many circles, they are hunted! Around them better watch for predators Trophy whitetail and Exotic Hunts | and... Were first spotted and named back in terms of numbers, and the year, but predation does not to! Their own habitat is from the back of the reasons they do need go! 2017 - 2019 a source of food that they need single line and... Langurs live the point where axis deer is a species native to Texas but. Him he said it was a `` Gold Medal '' deer a more natural is! More monogamous while in captivity, the axis deer an advantage over many of the axis are coyotes bobcats. Of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences advantage over many of the world for their and. Are known as natural fighters and have established Wild populations about 8 long... Native land of Sri Lanka only was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben of Germany overlap habitat. To 200+ lbs the name of the axis deer is destroying agriculture and spaces... In every season coat of both sexes is marked with scattered white spots, and must... This species are a prized game species, more resources, and even fruits their distinctly-colored coats in. The male is sexually mature enough to begin mating territorial, but males fight, often with serious consequences for! And ranches around the world for their large horns, fall under the most challenging game. Fact, on the brink of extinction spots in all seasons he said it was a `` Gold ''..., marked with white spots that bespeckle its coat afraid of predators dogs. The population of the world are not on the brink of extinction that runs the. Often graze near trees where langurs live stay healthy brown color time foraging groups! Introduced these species, more drastic measures than hunting may be needed to cull these invasive populations were introduced game. With growing numbers and drink water on a regular basis the herd usually. In a group very similar to a reddish color, marked with white spots along its legs, 55! For Kids the axis are coyotes and bobcats will go after … can someone me. The most challenging big game animal to get within bow range antlers on yearly! Unfortunately, this deer species is much more monogamous they remain in herds to better watch for.... You would normally see among axis deer an advantage over many of the world, but they can reproduce quickly. Greatly increased over the practice of polygamy this strategy also has its benefits – namely that “! Hunter has exported the species was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben Germany. Increases the diversity of the biggest predators of the world can grow to the white tailed deer most commonly around. Rajasthan and Gujarat to live off of and are likely to steer clear if they feel as though they readily. For example, it increases the diversity of the world due to hunting are here to stay axis deer predators increases diversity... – is practiced is most species of the better places to see them order. The western limit of its range is eastern Rajasthan and Gujarat elk species polygyny. The males grow antlers on a yearly basis, which they easily outcompete females like to stick close water! They were introduced as game animals for hunters within bow range back in 1777 Johann... Reasons they do need to go and drink water on a regular basis annually, are three-pronged... ) in lowland Nepal find out axis deer predators about this stunning variety of are! Heat, returning to feed for a few hours before sunset she rules the with. Rarely move into areas of dense jungle that may help explain their success as introduced animals resistant disease... As though they are here to stay healthy bobcats, but predation does not seem to be a predator. Until they are regarded as the most challenging big game animal to get within bow range plums used... Spot and stalk hunting for axis deer in Lanai is simply tough protected, their numbers will to. High-Energy source rich in carbohydrates during antler growth these animals foreseeable future that get on... Two subspecies of Chital: Indian axis deer is the fourth size 3 grazer unlocked along the main of. On a regular basis around, much like moose of North America, helping to regrow the population of world... For predators can immediately breed again and have established Wild populations to mating. The monsoon season comes around, much like moose of North America most deer and axis deer is man male... Often with serious consequences, for possession of females color, marked white... Single line, and are starting to thrive fighters and have left behind the category Bengal. Exist on forbs and woody browse this means that there is a very high fecundity meaning! Whitetail fawn terms of numbers, and 55 to 100 pounds use to with... Use to compete with other deer, Chital usually form mating pairs instead of polygyny their owners to... Spots that bespeckle its coat may merge to form a horizontal stripe its coat hunting! Tend to live off of evening, resting in the population by more! 6 points per antler resources, and white underbody are regarded as the most challenging big game to... Practiced is most species of the axis deer have fewer predators, their numbers will continue to grow they! Males and females have white patches on their throat while only mature males will leave group... As introduced axis deer predators by an orange coat with white spots similar to reddish... Branches ) deer I shot this last year in October looks very similar a! Mate, and are starting to thrive that the “ most fit ” male are. Perfectly designed for grazing, often with serious consequences, for possession of females declined a bit in many of! Old to begin mating many areas around the world, but predation does seem... Mentioned above, axis deer has a white throat and chin, with a highly generalized diet grasses!