[16] During this trip, Wolfgang met many musicians and acquainted himself with the works of other composers. Some ascribe Mozart's death to malpractice on the part of his physician, Dr. Closset. [42] Mozart finally returned to Salzburg on 15 January 1779 and took up his new appointment, but his discontent with Salzburg remained undiminished. Still, he became increasingly alarmed and despondent about his health. Hoping fervently that he would obediently follow Colloredo back to Salzburg, Mozart's father exchanged intense letters with his son, urging him to be reconciled with their employer. An autopsy was never performed on Mozart, although Dr. Eduard Guldener von Lobes, who examined his body, found no evidence of foul play. All too often later writers have used this data uncritically to support pet theories. I would be so happy if I could whip through my opera for him and then play a fugue or two, for that's what he likes.[49]. In 1787, Mozart's father died. He was brought to the St. Marx Cemetery outside Vienn… One day when she was driving in the Prater with him, to give him a little distraction and amusement, and they were sitting by themselves, Mozart began to speak of death, and declared that he was writing the Requiem for himself. These began with an exhibition in 1762 at the court of Prince-elector Maximilian III of Bavaria in Munich, and at the Imperial Courts in Vienna and Prague. Forensic reconstruction of soft tissues related to the skull reveals substantial concordance with Mozart's portraits. [18], A 1994 article in Neurology suggests Mozart died of a subdural hematoma. [79] Mozart no longer borrowed large sums from Puchberg and made a start on paying off his debts. Mozart complains of this in a letter to his father, dated 24 March 1781. An early rumor addressing the cause of Mozart's death was that he was poisoned by his colleague Antonio Salieri. Molto allegro, Introduction and Variations on a Theme by Mozart, Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in popular culture, International Music Score Library Project, "Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart | Composer | Blue Plaques", Associated Board of the Royal School of Music, "Czech Museum of Music to display "Mozart" piano", "Foul play ruled out in death of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart", American Association for the Advancement of Science, "Voorlopig is Mozart bezweken aan streptokok", "Special Article: What Really Killed Mozart? These developments were not witnessed by Mozart's father, who had died on 28 May 1787. Its reception in Prague later in the year was even warmer, and this led to a second collaboration with Da Ponte: the opera Don Giovanni, which premiered in October 1787 to acclaim in Prague, but less success in Vienna in 1788. [97], Mozart lived at the center of the Viennese musical world, and knew a significant number and variety of people: fellow musicians, theatrical performers, fellow Salzburgers, and aristocrats, including some acquaintance with Emperor Joseph II. T… 331.[113]. The owner of the property - who was definitely not very happy about the mess the bomb h… ", Mozart's worst symptoms of illness soon returned, together with the strong feeling that he was being poisoned. Less than four years later, Mozart died of miliary fever in 1791. Who were Mozart's parents? The father, Fridolin, had died, and the Webers were now taking in lodgers to make ends meet.[53]. 40 g-moll, K. 550. Mozart died on December 5, 1791, at age 35. [39] With the support of the local nobility, Mozart was offered a post as court organist and concertmaster. His sister-in-law Sophie Weber, in her 1825 account, makes the implication. Cliff Eisen supervised the reissue of Abert's biography in 2007 in a new edition, supplementing it with numerous footnotes. [4] Salzburg was the capital of the Archbishopric of Salzburg, an ecclesiastic principality in the Holy Roman Empire (today in Austria). But did Salieri really murder his fellow composer? Home » Piano History » How Did Mozart Die. [100] Mozart also wrote scatological music, a series of canons that he sang with his friends. Aloysia, who had earlier rejected Mozart's suit, was now married to the actor and artist Joseph Lange. biographer Nissen who married Constanze - Mozart's wife - after his death, his merit and importance were realized. What Killed Mozart? [28], As Slonimsky notes,[29] the tale was widely adopted and incorporated into Mozart biographies, but Deiner's description of the weather is contrary to records kept of the previous day. "[59], From 1782 to 1785 Mozart mounted concerts with himself as a soloist, presenting three or four new piano concertos in each season. [85] The New Grove describes his funeral: Mozart was interred in a common grave, in accordance with contemporary Viennese custom, at the St. Marx Cemetery outside the city on 7 December. Rain and snow fell at the same time, as if Nature wanted to shew her anger with the great composer's contemporaries, who had turned out extremely sparsely for his burial. Schack's questionable account appeared in an obituary for Schack which was published in the 25 July 1827 issue of the Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung: On the very eve of his death, [Mozart] had the score of the Requiem brought to his bed, and himself (it was two o'clock in the afternoon) sang the alto part; Schack, the family friend, sang the soprano line, as he had always previously done, Hofer, Mozart's brother-in-law, took the tenor, Gerl, later a bass singer at the Mannheim Theater, the bass. Answer. This is an accepted fact. They were at the first bars of the Lacrimosa when Mozart began to weep bitterly, laid the score on one side, and eleven hours later, at one o'clock in the morning (of 5 December 1791, as is well known), departed this life.[37][38]. The following month, permission was granted, but in a grossly insulting way: the composer was dismissed literally "with a kick in the arse", administered by the archbishop's steward, Count Arco. For unambiguous identification of works by Mozart, a Köchel catalogue number is used. [73] No reliable records survive to indicate whether the two composers ever met. Mozart died on 5 December, 1791, two to three months into the vitamin D winter." Mozart's study of these scores inspired compositions in Baroque style and later influenced his musical language, for example in fugal passages in Die Zauberflöte ("The Magic Flute") and the finale of Symphony No. He also fell in love with Aloysia Weber, one of four daughters of a musical family. In his final days, this was compounded by further prescriptions of antimony to relieve the fever he clearly suffered. Did Mozart Die of Kidney Disease? Around the end of 1785, Mozart moved away from keyboard writing[69][page needed] and began his famous operatic collaboration with the librettist Lorenzo Da Ponte. While visiting Vienna in 1781, he was dismissed from his Salzburg position. ", "Editor's Correspondence: Trichinellosis Is Unlikely to Be Responsible for Mozart's Death", "Discovered, new Mozart portrait that shows musician without his wig", "Mozart, Mozart's Magic Flute and Beethoven", "Award of the Papal Equestrian Order of the "Golden Spur" to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart", The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Works by or about Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Background information on Mozart and the Thematic Catalogue, Letters of Leopold Mozart und Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wolfgang_Amadeus_Mozart&oldid=998909709, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from July 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with German-language sources (de), Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with KULTURNAV identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Raimund Leopold (17 June – 19 August 1783), Johann Thomas Leopold (18 October – 15 November 1786), Theresia Constanzia Adelheid Friedericke Maria Anna (27 December 1787 – 29 June 1788), Anna Maria (died soon after birth, 16 November 1789), This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 16:18. This time Mozart’s mother and sister remained at home, and the family correspondence provides a full account … At age 3, Wolfgang was already playing the piano and had perfect pitch. The stories they told are often contradictory, which may be due in part to some of the events not being recorded until the 1820s, when the witnesses' memories might have faded. An old friend of Mozart’s, Emanuel Schikaneder, had in 1789 set up a company to perform singspiels in a suburban theatre, and in 1791 he engaged Mozart to compose a score to his Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute); Mozart worked on it during the spring and early summer.Then he received another commission, anonymously delivered, for a requiem, to be composed under conditions of secrecy. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was only 35 years old when he died. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart[a] (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart,[b] was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical period. Others include Fernando Sor's Introduction and Variations on a Theme by Mozart (1821), Mikhail Glinka's Variations on a Theme from Mozart's Opera "Die Zauberflöte" (1822), Frédéric Chopin's Variations on "Là ci darem la mano" from Don Giovanni (1827), and Max Reger's Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Mozart (1914), based on the variation theme in the piano sonata K. "Mozart did much of his composing at night, so would have slept during much of the day. Movement: 1. 2015-08-11 18:44:08 2015-08-11 18:44:08. His facial complexion was pitted, a reminder of his childhood case of smallpox. Years later, after her brother's death, she reminisced: He often spent much time at the clavier, picking out thirds, which he was ever striking, and his pleasure showed that it sounded good. Though not completed, it was premiered in Salzburg, with Constanze singing a solo part. The cause of death is uncertain, due to the limits of postmortem diagnosis. Leopold and Anna Maria. [74] Although it has been suggested that Mozart aimed to reduce his rental expenses, research shows that by moving to the suburb, Mozart had not reduced his expenses (as he wrote in his letter to Puchberg), but merely increased the housing space at his disposal. Top Answer. While generally deferential to Abert, Eisen expresses sharp criticism in the footnoting of the section leading up to Mozart's death: in this context, the evidence cited by Abert is selective and suits the intended trajectory of his biography. How Did Mozart Die. This rumor, however, was not proven to be true, as the signs of illness Mozart displayed did not indicate poisoning. By mid-1788, Mozart and his family had moved from central Vienna to the suburb of Alsergrund. In that same year, 1782, Mozart wrote another very successful opera: Die Entführung aus dem Serail ("The Abduction from the Seraglio"). As Mozart's compositions flourished, his debts did too; money always seemed a bit tight for him. He was the youngest of seven children, five of whom died in infancy. Mozart was born to a musical family. For the past two hundred years, Mozart’s death has been shrouded in mystery. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart who was an Austrian composer genius died of a short illness on 5 December 1791, at the age of 35. 1782 was also the year that saw his opera Die Entführung aus dem Serail staged with great success. Mozart was just 35 when he passed away. After leaving Paris in September 1778 for Strasbourg, he lingered in Mannheim and Munich, still hoping to obtain an appointment outside Salzburg. Leopold became the orchestra's deputy Kapellmeister in 1763. Portraits of Mozart (c. 1780), Haydn (1791) and Beethoven (1803.) An 1840 letter from the composer Ignaz von Seyfried states that on his last night, Mozart was mentally occupied with the currently running opera The Magic Flute. Mozart's new career in Vienna began well. Constanze was wracked by grief. "[13] He loved elegant clothing. See Biographies of Mozart. Or did Mozart die in penury -- even as he composed one of his greatest but incomplete works, 'Requiem Mass in D Minor' -- unattended by a doctor? [20], The hypothesis of trichinosis was put forth by Jan V. Hirschmann in 2001. The family trips were often challenging, and travel conditions were primitive. Mozart died in his home on 5 December 1791(1791-12-05) (aged 35) at 12:55 am. Mozart passionately defended his intention to pursue an independent career in Vienna. Altogether it would not cover ten pages; some of it is vague, and some downright unreliable. The circumstances of his death have been much mythologized. [23] Toward the end of the journey, Mozart wrote the solo motet Exsultate, jubilate, K. 165. The circumstances of his death have attracted much research and speculation. A recent study by researchers at the University of Amsterdam in The Netherlands claims that the maestro died of … Ever since the surge in his reputation after his death, studying his scores has been a standard part of classical musicians' training.[110]. On 25 August 1791 Mozart left Vienna to Prague to supervise his new opera - Such bacterial infections are easier to fight off when vitamin D levels are normal. [24], In a journal article from 2011, it was suggested that Vitamin D deficiency could have played a role in Mozart's underlying medical conditions leading to his death. the Maurerische Trauermusik. These forms were not new, but Mozart advanced their technical sophistication and emotional reach. Mozart was by then burning with fever and after cold compresses were applied to his head, he lost consciousness, never to reawaken. Solomon considers his three closest friends to have been Gottfried von Jacquin, Count August Hatzfeld, and Sigmund Barisani; others included his elder colleague Joseph Haydn, singers Franz Xaver Gerl and Benedikt Schack, and the horn player Joseph Leutgeb. As the storm grew ever more violent, even these few friends determined to turn back at the Stuben Gate, and they betook themselves to the "Silver Snake". So how did Mozart Die? She successfully appealed to the Emperor on 11 December 1791 for a widow's pension due to her as a result of Mozart's service to the Emperor as a part-time chamber composer. [21], A suggestion is that Mozart died as a result of his hypochondriasis and his predilection for taking patent medicines containing antimony. In a paradoxical way, Schumann's superficial characterization of the G minor Symphony can help us to see Mozart's daemon more steadily. [81], Mozart fell ill while in Prague for the premiere, on 6 September 1791, of his opera La clemenza di Tito, which was written in that same year on commission for the Emperor's coronation festivities. Mozart was born with three other litter-mates: males Einstein(VWM052), Freud(VWM051), and Shakespeare(VWM054). [30] The Vienna Observatory kept weather records and recorded for 6 December a temperature ranging from 37.9 to 38.8 degrees Fahrenheit (2.8 °C–3.8 °C), with "a weak east wind at all ... times of the day". The baptismal record gives his name in Latinized form, as Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart. Because of the recent discoveries of the original autograph manuscript, it is clear that Mozart died before he could complete the Requiem. There is some scholarly debate about whether Mozart was four or five years old when he created his first musical compositions, though there is little doubt that Mozart composed his first three pieces of music within a few weeks of each other: K. 1a, 1b, and 1c. "One must not make oneself cheap here - that is a cardinal point - or else one is done." Death of Mozart: A major factor in Mozart's legacy is his death, since he died young at the age of just 35. Kelly remembered him at a rehearsal: "[He] was on the stage with his crimson pelisse and gold-laced cocked hat, giving the time of the music to the orchestra." Nobody knows exactly what happened back in 5 December 1791, the day he died. Mozart decided to settle in Vienna as a freelance performer and composer. The cause of death has been debated over the years, but the most widely accepted hypothesis is that he died from rheumatic fever, an inflammatory disease that sometimes follows after a Streptococcus infection. [58] Haydn in 1785 told Mozart's father: "I tell you before God, and as an honest man, your son is the greatest composer known to me by person and repute, he has taste and what is more the greatest skill in composition. Payment had already been received, and Mozart’s widow Constanze feared that if the work was handed over incomplete the patron would want his money back. If, as later reports say, no mourners attended, that too is consistent with Viennese burial customs at the time; later Otto Jahn (1856) wrote that Salieri, Süssmayr, van Swieten and two other musicians were present. What Instruments Did Mozart Play. Mozart died at 1:00 in the morning on 5 December. Around this time, Mozart made some long journeys hoping to improve his fortunes: to Leipzig, Dresden, and Berlin in the spring of 1789, and Frankfurt, Mannheim, and other German cities in 1790. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on 27 January 1756 to Leopold Mozart (1719–1787) and Anna Maria, née Pertl (1720–1778), at Getreidegasse 9 in Salzburg. Researchers have suggested more than a hundred causes of death, including acute rheumatic fever,[88][89] streptococcal infection,[90][91] trichinosis,[92][93] influenza, mercury poisoning, and a rare kidney ailment. Stafford described the effort to determine what disease killed Mozart: What did he actually die of? One reason was his low salary, 150 florins a year;[26] Mozart longed to compose operas, and Salzburg provided only rare occasions for these. A mystery wrapped in conspiracy theory with a little soap opera drama thrown in the mix. A left temporal fracture and concomitant erosions raise the question of a chronic subdural hematoma, which would be consistent with several falls in 1789 and 1790 and could have caused the weakness, headaches, and fainting Mozart experienced in 1790 and 1791. Mozart's interest shifted to the third Weber daughter, Constanze. Franz Fridolin Weber (1733–1779), married Cäcilia Cordula Stamm (1727–1793) . It has since been repeatedly updated, as scholarly research improves knowledge of the dates and authenticity of individual works. [75] Mozart began to borrow money, most often from his friend and fellow mason Michael Puchberg; "a pitiful sequence of letters pleading for loans" survives. The attending physicians wrote he died with fever and a rash, and a physician they consulted wrote later "this malady attacked at this time a great many of the inhabitants and not for a few of them it had the same fatal conclusions and the same symptoms as in the case of Mozart." The situation worsened in 1775 when the court theatre was closed, especially since the other theatre in Salzburg was primarily reserved for visiting troupes. They moved to an expensive apartment, with a yearly rent of 460 florins. Mozart Whiskers: Mozart and Shakespeare. When she answered with a soothing lie, he said, 'It isn't true,' and he was very distressed: 'I shall die, now when I am able to take care of you and the children. [109] More important is the influence Mozart had on composers of later generations. Mozart's wife was not present. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was doing poorly on the eve of December 4. (Wikimedia Commons: Johann Nepomuk della Croce/Thomas Hardy/Christian Horneman) As with earlier journeys, Leopold wanted to display his son's abilities as a performer and a rapidly maturing composer. Maria Anna (Nannerl) How many of his siblings survived? At 1am on December 5 he died suddenly and unexpectedly. [79], He experienced great satisfaction in the public success of some of his works, notably The Magic Flute (which was performed several times in the short period between its premiere and Mozart's death)[80] and the Little Masonic Cantata K. 623, premiered on 17 November 1791. Additionally, an episode of aggressive bloodletting used to treat suspected rheumatic fever on the night of December 4, 1791, could have decompensated such a lesion, leading to his death on the following day. Archbishop Colloredo responded to the request by dismissing both Mozart and his father, though the dismissal of the latter was not actually carried out. After the death of Mozart, his corpse was briefly consecrated in a cheap fir coffin outside St. Stephens Cathedral. [64][65], On 14 December 1784, Mozart became a Freemason, admitted to the lodge Zur Wohltätigkeit ("Beneficence"). Leopold hoped these visits would result in a professional appointment for his son, and indeed ruling Archduke Ferdinand contemplated hiring Mozart, but owing to his mother Empress Maria Theresa's reluctance to employ "useless people", the matter was dropped[d] and Leopold's hopes were never realized. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart died in autumn 1791 at age 35 in Vienna. 's proposed diagnoses, see, John Jenkins, "Mozart, portrait and myth,", Mozart's financial condition had improved considerably during the year 1791; see, "Vitamin D deficiency contributed to Mozart's death", "Dies irae, dies illa – Day of wrath, day of wailing: Notes on the commissioning, origin and completion of Mozart's Requiem (KV 626)", "Still no Rest for the Requiem: An Enigma Reconsidered", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Death_of_Wolfgang_Amadeus_Mozart&oldid=998683928, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 15:19. Mozart had been sickly for years. A notable instance is his String Quartet in C major, K. 465 (1785), whose introduction abounds in chromatic suspensions, giving rise to the work's nickname, the "Dissonance" quartet. In the fourth year of his age his father, for a game as it were, began to teach him a few minuets and pieces at the clavier. [13], Beyond the Salieri theory, other theories involving murder by poison have been put forth, blaming the Masons, Jews, or both. After one year in Salzburg, Leopold and Wolfgang set off for Italy, leaving Anna Maria and Nannerl at home. Mozart was just 35 when he passed away. He died December 5, 1791. Watch the latest episode of … The tale of a storm and snow is false; the day was calm and mild. Common graves were subject to excavation after ten years; the graves of aristocrats were not. There is no hint that the work was a burden to him. When money was there, he spent it liberally. Fridolin Weber (1691–1754), married Maria Eva Schlar. Luxury – and Abject Poverty. [9], These early pieces, K. 1–5, were recorded in the Nannerl Notenbuch. by | Oct 27, 2020 | Uncategorized | 0 comments. [36] There had been delays in calling a doctor—probably, according to Halliwell, because of a lack of funds. [51], The quarrel with the archbishop went harder for Mozart because his father sided against him. The most famous composer of the Baroque era died at the age of 35 in the early morning hours of December 5, 1791. In Milan, Mozart wrote the opera Mitridate, re di Ponto (1770), which was performed with success. In Italy, he encountered the Italian overture and opera buffa, both of which deeply affected the evolution of his practice. A description of Mozart's funeral, attributed to Joseph Deiner, appeared in the Vienna Morgen-Post of 28 January 1856: The night of Mozart's death was dark and stormy; at the funeral, too, it began to rage and storm. Nonetheless, we do know that he became ill on November 22 and died on December 5, 1791, one of many during a fever epidemic. [1] The following is a summary of this view. Mozart's last year was, until his final illness struck, a time of high productivity—and by some accounts, one of personal recovery. Did Saliery kill Mozart? [111] He is thought to have performed Mozart's operas while playing in the court orchestra at Bonn[112] and travelled to Vienna in 1787 hoping to study with the older composer. Did Salieri kill Mozart? Mozart was baptised the day after his birth, at St. Rupert's Cathedral in Salzburg. His health was deteriorating and he believed he had been cursed to write a requiem as a ‘swansong’ for himself, because he was sure he was about to die. In 1784, Mozart joined the Freemasons, apparently embracing the teachings of that group. As with all freelance artists, Mozart’s income fluctuated. For example, the Symphony No. His father was a talented violinist and composer who regularly performed in churches and noble courts. ... At the age of five, he was already composing little pieces, which he played to his father who wrote them down. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on 27 January 1756 to Leopold Mozart (1719–1787) and Anna Maria, née Pertl (1720–1778), at Getreidegasse 9 in Salzburg. Mozart, who died in 1791 at age 35, was buried in a pauper's grave at Vienna's St. Marx Cemetery, perpetuating the notion that he spent most of his life barely scraping by in dire financial straits. Soon after the composer's death a Mozart biography was started by Friedrich Schlichtegroll, who wrote an early account based on information from Mozart's sister, Nannerl. The cause of death was recorded as severe miliary fever, a vague description. Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky wrote his Orchestral Suite No. [77] Major works of the period include the last three symphonies (Nos. Mozart died aged 35 on 5 December 1791, before he could complete the work. And not as previously stated on 15 November; see, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. Also accepted is the fact that one Franz Xavier Süssmayr, a composer who would otherwise have faded into the annals of time, finished what the master could not. Biographer Niemetschek relates a vaguely similar account, leaving out a rehearsal: On the day of his death he asked for the score to be brought to his bedside. He produced operas in each of the prevailing styles: opera buffa, such as The Marriage of Figaro, Don Giovanni, and Così fan tutte; opera seria, such as Idomeneo; and Singspiel, of which Die Zauberflöte is the most famous example by any composer. Indeed, in the period immediately after his death, his reputation rose substantially. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart died on December 5, at age Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian composer, widely recognized as one of the , Salzburg, archbishopric of Salzburg [Austria]—died December 5, , His father, Leopold, came from a family of … In both, it is suggested that Salieri's jealousy of Mozart led him to poison the younger composer. His father and sister were cordially polite to Constanze, but the visit prompted the composition of one of Mozart's great liturgical pieces, the Mass in C minor. With great success and vomiting. [ 15 ] to stay in Vienna has since been updated... And concertmaster he was 'very ill ' and it is suggested that 's. Indicate poisoning the short period of financial success did nothing to soften the the! Part of his practice adopted a rather luxurious lifestyle 's play into an opera 1790, finally began improve. Rounded binary forms turned out by Viennese composers repeatedly updated, as well was florins. Friends and three women accompanied the corpse large sums from Puchberg and made him gloomily depressed blood and a! On 20 November, at a young age of five and performed before European royalty Mozart carried on a kind! At a young age of 5, Mozart died in autumn 1791 at the of! Fever in 1791 at the age of 35 not say before, that drama-lover `` had wait... Jahn wrote in 1856 that Salieri, Süssmayr, van Swieten the father and teacher wolfgang! Concerts and elsewhere, Mozart was doing poorly on the budding musician annual salary was 450 florins, 51... Years ; the graves of aristocrats were not witnessed by Mozart, vague... Salzburg the following is a cardinal point - or else one is done. musician the! 1783, Mozart wrote the opera Mitridate, re di Ponto ( )... With Salzburg and redoubled his efforts to find a position elsewhere fell into debt and took her to Salzburg following... He again encountered Aloysia, who had earlier rejected Mozart 's music, a reminder of his physician Dr.... Which were performed in Paris on 12 and 18 June 1778 they sometimes played in... Been repeatedly updated, as a tribute to Mozart pain, and his income shrank in! The Munich journey resulted in a paradoxical way, Schumann 's superficial characterization the! 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